The skilled migration stream
is the major component of Australia's
migration program. Within that stream there are several visa subclasses
with varying requirements, depending on whether the applicant is
applying independently or with a sponsorship
from an Australian State or Territory government or a local employer. For more information, see SkillSelect.
With the exception of the
RSMS (Regional Sponsorsed Migration Scheme), all skilled
migration categories require the primary applicant to nominate an
occupation on either the Skilled Occupation List (SOL) or the Consolidated Sponsored Occupation List (CSOL). Before
applying, the applicant must submit his or her qualifications and work
experience for assessment by the relevant assessing authority for that
occupation (see below). Both lists are contained in a legislative instrument made by the Minister for Immigration and Citizenship.
The occupations on both lists are defined according to the ANZSCO (Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations).